Aditya Hrudayam Stotram is a hymn addressed to the Sun God, Lord Surya Deva or Aditya. Lord Surya deva is also called Aditya, which literally means “Son of Aditi”. Aditya Hridaya stotra is about Lord Surya being the Primal force in the Universe. It is about Lord Surya or Aditya being the primal force in the entire universe, and it is also a lesson on how to defeat an enemy by worshipping Surya deva. When Lord Rama got tired in the battle, Sage Agastya came to the battlefield and preached Aditya Hrudayam to Lord Rama. After this teaching, Lord Rama kills Ravanasura. Aditya Hrudayam is found in the Yuddha kanda in the Valmiki Ramayana. Get Aditya Hrudayam lyrics in english Pdf here, understand its meaning, and chant it with utmost faith and devotion.
Aditya Hrudayam Lyrics in English
Tato yuddhapariśrāntaṃ samare chintayā sthitam
rāvaṇaṃ jāgrato dṛṣṭvā yuddhāya samupasthitam || 1
Meaning: Beholding Sri Rama, Rama being exhausted in the battle was absorbed in the deep thought in the battlefield by seeing Ravana in-front of Him, having appeared to fight, fully prepared for the war.
Daivataiśca samāgamya draṣṭumabhyāgato raṇam
upāgamyābravīdrāmamagastyo bhagavān ṛṣiḥ || 2
Meaning: The great and glorious Rishi, Sage Agastya, who had come in the company of Devas (Gods) to witness the encounter now spoke to Rama as follows:
Rāma rāma mahābāho śṛṇu guhyaṃ sanātanam
yena sarvānarīn vatsa samare vijayiṣyasi || 3
Meaning: O Rama, O Rama, O with mighty Arms; Listen carefully to this eternal secret by which, ‘O my child, you will be victorious against all enemies in the battle,
Adityahṛdayaṃ puṇyaṃ sarvaśatruvināśanam
jayāvahaṃ japennityam akṣayyaṃ paramaṃ śivam || 4
Meaning: Aditya Hridayam (Hymns of the Sun God), which is Sacred and Destroyer of all Enemies brings Victory if recited daily, you will be victorious and gain undecaying auspiciousness of the highest kind.
cintāśokapraśamanam āyurvardhanamuttamam || 5
Meaning: He is the bestower of all-round Welfare (Sarva Mangala Mangalyam), and the remover of all Sins (Sarva Papa Pranashanam), He heals the worries and griefs (Chinta Shoka Prashamanam) and increases the Life Span (Ayur Vardhanam Uttamam)
Raśmimaṃtaṃ samudyantaṃ devāsuranamaskṛtam
pūjayasva vivasvantaṃ bhāskaraṃ bhuvaneśvaram || 6
Meaning: The Sun is filled with Rays (Rashmimanta) and rises equally for all, spreading His illumination (Samudyanta); He is reverentially saluted by both the Devas and the Asuras (Deva Asura Namaskritam), The Sun is to be worshipped who shines forth (Vivasvanta) creating His own Light (Bhaskara), and who is the Lord of the Universe (Bhuvaneshwaram),
Sarvadevātmako hyeṣa tejasvī raśmibhāvanaḥ
eṣa devāsuragaṇām̐llokān pāti gabhastibhiḥ || 7
Meaning: He carries the essence of splendor of all the Devas (Sarva Deva Atmaka), and is filled with Fiery Energy (Tejasvi) which He manifests in His Rays (Rashmi Bhavana), He protects the Lokas of the Devas and Asuras by His Rays (filled with Tejas)
Eṣa brahmā ca viṣṇuśca śivaḥ skandaḥ prajāpatiḥ
mahendro dhanadaḥ kālo yamaḥ somo hyapāṃ patiḥ || 8
Meaning: He is Brahma, and He is Vishnu; He is Shiva and He is Skanda; He is Prajapati,
He is Mahendra (Indra Deva), He is Dhanada (God of Wealth), He is Kala (God of Time), He is Yama (God of Death), He is Soma (Moon God) and he indeed is the Lord of Water (Varuna Deva),
Pitaro vasavaḥ sādhyā hyaśvinau maruto manuḥ
vāyurvahniḥ prajāprāṇa ṛtukartā prabhākaraḥ || 9
Meaning: He indeed is the ancestor of all, including Vasus, Sadhyas, Ashwins, Maruts and Manu, He is the Wind (Vayu) and the Fire (Vahni) outside, and resides as the Prana of his offsprings inside; He is the creator of different Seasons (Ritus) and fills everything with Splendour,
ādityaḥ savitā sūryaḥ khagaḥ pūṣā gabhastimān
suvarṇasadṛśo bhānurhiraṇyaretā divākaraḥ ||10
Meaning: He is the son of Aditi, Savitha (bright), Soorya (supreme light), Khaga (bird, travels on the sky,), feeds the world by rain, gabhastiman (possessed of rays) Golden colored (beautiful, wise), always shining, he is the creator, the day starts with him).
Haridaśvaḥ sahasrārciḥ saptasaptirmarīcimān
timironmathanaḥ śambhustvaṣṭā mārtāṇḍa aṃśumān || 11
Meaning: Thousands of Light Rays come out of Him like Reddish-Yellow Horses; His Seven Horses (Seven Colours of Light) producing the Light. He removes the Darkness and makes us Joyful; He floats in the Sky like a huge Bird (Martanda), the Bird of Light, the Bird which emits Light
Hiraṇyagarbhaḥ śiśirastapano bhāskaro raviḥ
agnigarbho’diteḥ putraḥ śaṅkhaḥ śiśiranāśanaḥ || 12
Meaning: His Golden Womb (Hiranya Garbha) burns the Dew and making Light (Bhaskara) shines in the sky as the Sun (Ravi). The Womb of Fire (Agni Garbha) of the Son of Aditi sounds His Conch, which awakens us and destroys our Frigidity (Inertness).
ghanavṛṣṭirapāṃ mitro vindhyavīthīplavaṅgamaḥ || 13
Meaning: He is the lord of the space and ruler of the sky, dispeller of darkness, the knower of Rig, Yajur, and Sama (Vedas). He is the cause of Heavy Rains and is the friend of the Water; He crosses the Vindhya mountains by jumps (i.e. moves speedily across the Sky)
Atapī maṇḍalī mṛtyuḥ piṅgalaḥ sarvatāpanaḥ
kavirviśvo mahātejāḥ raktaḥ sarvabhavodbhavaḥ || 14
Meaning: He is a producer of heat, his form is circular, he is like an incarnation of Death (Mrityu), having Reddish Brown color and burning everything within it. He is a Poet who creates the World by supplying energy for activities; His great Fiery Energy, Red in color, gives rise to this entire Worldly Existence
tejasāmapi tejasvī dvādaśātman namo’stu te || 15
Meaning: He is the presiding Deity of Constellations (Nakshatras), Planets (Graha) and Stars (Tara), and conceives the whole Universe in his mind. He has more Energy of Splendour (Tejas) than even the most Energetic; Salutations to You who has twelve Atmans (12 Adityas).
Namaḥ pūrvāya giraye paścimāyādraye namaḥ
jyotirgaṇānāṃ pataye dinādhipataye namaḥ || 16
Meaning: Salutations to him in the Eastern Mountains; Salutations to him in the Western Mountains. Salutations to the Lord of the group of Luminaries (Jyotirgana) and the Lord of the Day.
Jayāya jayabhadrāya haryaśvāya namo namaḥ
namo namaḥ sahasrāṃśo ādityāya namo namaḥ || 17
Meaning: Pray him who has green horses and the bestower of victory, auspiciousness and prosperity. He has thousand rays and who has power to attract all towards him).
Nama ugrāya vīrāya sāraṅgāya namo namaḥ
namaḥ padmaprabodhāya mārtāṇḍāya namo namaḥ || 18
Meaning: Salutations to him who is terrible and fierce one to the sinners, to him who is the hero (controlled senses); one who travels fast, Salutations to the one whose appearance makes the lotus blossom. Salutations to the son of Mrukanda Maharshi).
bhāsvate sarvabhakṣāya raudrāya vapuṣe namaḥ || 19
Meaning: Salutations to the Lord of Brahma, Shiva, and Vishnu, Salutations to Surya the sun god, who (by his power and effulgence) is both the illuminator and devourer of all and is of a form that is fierce like Rudra.
Tamoghnāya himaghnāya śatrughnāyāmitātmane
kṛtaghnaghnāya devāya jyotiṣāṃ pataye namaḥ || 20
Meaning: Salutations to the dispeller of darkness, the destroyer of cold, fog and snow, the exterminator of foes; the one whose extent is immeasurable. Salutations also to the annihilator of the ungrateful and to the Lord of all the stellar bodies, who is the first amongst all the lights of the Universe.
Taptacāmīkarābhāya vahnaye viśvakarmaṇe
namastamo’bhinighnāya rucaye lokasākṣiṇe || 21
Meaning: He who has the splendor of Molten Gold, Who is the Fire giving Energy for all the Activities of the World. Salutations to Him Who subdues the Darkness, Who has a Beautiful Splendour, and Who is the witness of the World.
Nāśayatyeṣa vai bhūtaṃ tadeva sṛjati prabhuḥ
pāyatyeṣa tapatyeṣa varṣatyeṣa gabhastibhiḥ || 22
Meaning: He indeed is the Lord Destroying the Beings, and He indeed is the Lord Creating the Beings. He drinks the waters with his rays, heats them up, and sends them down as rain again.
Eṣa supteṣu jāgarti bhūteṣu pariniṣṭhitaḥ
eṣa evāgnihotraṃ ca phalaṃ caivāgnihotriṇām || 23
Meaning: He who abides in the heart of all beings keeping awake when they are asleep. Verily he is the fruit of the Agnihotra which is sought after by the Agnihotrins (Performers of the Agnihotra).
Vedāśca kratavaścaiva kratūnāṃ phalameva ca
yāni kṛtyāni lokeṣu sarva eṣa raviḥ prabhuḥ || 24
Meaning: He indeed is the Vedic Sacrifice, and He indeed is the Fruit of those Sacrifices. Whatever works are to be performed in the World, He, the Ravi (Sun God) is the Lord of all those (Being the Power behind).
Enamāpatsu kṛcchreṣu kāntāreṣu bhayeṣu ca
kīrtayan puruṣaḥ kaścinnāvasīdati rāghava || 25
Meaning: Listen Oh Oh Raghava, scion of the Raghu dynasty, any person, singing the glories of Surya in great difficulties, during affliction, while lost in the wilderness, and when beset with fear, will not come to grief (or loose heart).
Pūjayasvainamekāgro devadevaṃ jagatpatim
etat triguṇitaṃ japtvā yuddheṣu vijayiṣyasi || 26
Meaning: By worshipping Him with one-pointed Devotion, by worshipping that Lord of the Devas Who is the Master of the Universe, by repeating Aditya Hridayam three times, You will be victorious in this Battle (O Rama),
Asmin kṣaṇe mahābāho rāvaṇaṃ tvaṃ vadhiṣyasi
evamuktvā tadāgastyo jagāma ca yathāgatam || 27
Meaning: O mighty-armed one, you shall triumph over Ravana this very moment. Having said thus, sage Agastya then went back in the manner he came
Etacchrutvā mahātejā naṣṭaśoko’bhavattadā
dhārayāmāsa suprīto rāghavaḥ prayatātmavān || 28
Meaning: Hearing Aditya Hridayam, the great warrior Sri Rama became free from all worries. Raghava, of Pious heart, then assumed a delightful appearance.
Adityaṃ prekṣya japtvā tu paraṃ harṣamavāptavān
trirācamya śucirbhūtvā dhanurādāya vīryavān || 29
Meaning: Looking at the Sun with devotion, and reciting Aditya Hridayam, Lord Rama became very Happy. Sipping Water three times and becoming purified, the valiant one, took up his Bow.
Rāvaṇaṃ prekṣya hṛṣṭātmā yuddhāya samupāgamat
sarvayatnena mahatā vadhe tasya dhṛto’bhavat || 30
Meaning: Lord Rama thus cheered, seeing Ravana coming to fight, put forth all his effort with a determination to defeat him.
Atha raviravadannirīkṣya rāmaṃ
muditamanāḥ paramaṃ prahṛṣyamāṇaḥ
suragaṇamadhyagato vacastvareti || 31
Meaning: (Then Aditya surrounded with all Gods appears and blesses Rama with great mental and physical strength and ordered to kill Ravana).